Indian Railways is headed by Minister of Railways and Minister of State for Railways. It has several directorates which are functionally divided. The first railway on Indian sub-continent ran over a stretch of 21 miles from Bombay to Thane. The idea of a railway to connect Bombay with Thane, Kalyan and with the Thal and Bhore Ghats inclines first occurred to Mr. George Clark, the Chief Engineer of the Bombay Government, during a visit to Bhandup in 1843.
The formal inauguration ceremony was performed on 16th April 1853, when 14 railway carriages carrying about 400 guests left Bori Bunder at 3.30 pm "amidst the loud applause of a vast multitude and to the salute of 21 guns." The first passenger train steamed out of Howrah station destined for Hooghly, a distance of 24 miles, on 15th August, 1854. Thus the first section of the East Indian Railway was opened to public traffic, inaugurating the beginning of railway transport on the Eastern side of the subcontinent.
The links to various directorates are given in the following table
|Accounts||Civil Engineering||Coaching||Computerization & Information Systems|
|Corporate Co-ordination||Economics||Efficiency & Research||Electrical Engineering|
|Health||Infrastructure||Land & Amenities||Legal|
|LRDSS||Management Services||Mechanical Engg||Mechanical Engg (PU&W)|
|Official Language||Pay Commission||Planning|
|Public Relation||Environment Management||Railway Sports Promotion Board||Safety|
|Secretary Branches||Security||Signal||Statistics & Economics|
|Traffic Transportation||Tourism & Catering||Vigilance||Works|
|Works Planning||IRCA||High Power Committee||Secret Ballot Election Committee|
|High Level Committee for Railway Restructuring||Accounting Reforms||Passenger Amenities Committee||Documents laid in Lok Sabha|
Annual Reports and Statements which give all details of Indian Railways working